He is best known for his research on personality judgment and has also Pieces of the Personality Puzzle: Readings in Theory and Research. Fifth Edition. The Personality Puzzle explores the past, present, and future of the discipline to show students why personality psychology matters. Organized according to the. Pieces of the Personality Puzzle: Readings in Theory and Research (Fifth Edition ) is a collection of readings related to the topics covered in this book. and.
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Pieces of the personality puzzle: readings in theory and research / [edited by] David C. Funder, Daniel J. Ozer Funder, David Charles . Fifth edition. New York . Psychology personality - am, mondays and wednesdays text: funder, d. c. (). the personality puzzle (5th ed.). new york: norton (plus other. Pieces of the Personality Puzzle: Readings in Theory and Tags: pieces of the personality puzzle 5th edition pdf, pieces of the personality puzzle ebook, pieces.
Social psychological research on the effects of situations typically involves experimental manipulation of the situation, and the results are analyzed to establish whether the situational manipulation has yielded a statistically significant difference in the outcome.
Overall, it is the moderate position that is correct: Both the person and the situation are necessary for explaining human behavior, given that both have comparable relations with important outcomes. As research on the relative magnitude of effects has documented, personality psychologists should not apologize for correlations between. In addition, the importance of a predictor lies not only in the magnitude of its association with the outcome, but also in the nature of the outcome being predicted.
A large association between two self-report measures of extraversion and positive affect may be theoretically interesting but may not offer much solace to the researcher searching for proof that extraversion is an important predictor for outcomes that society values.
In one study, this surprisingly small association resulted in 85 fewer heart attacks among the patients of 10, physicians Rosenthal, Because of its practical significance, this type of association should not be ignored because of the small effect size. Although we could have chosen many different outcomes to examine, we selected these three because they are socially valued; they are measured in similar ways across studies; and they have been assessed as outcomes in studies of SES, cognitive ability, and personality traits.
Mortality needs little justification as an outcome, as most individuals value a long life. Divorce and marital stability are important outcomes for several reasons. Divorce is a significant source of depression and distress for many individuals and can have negative consequences for children, whereas a happy marriage is one of the most important predictors of life satisfaction Myers, An intact marriage can also preserve cognitive function into old age for both men and women, particularly for those married to a high-ability spouse Schaie, Research on subjective well-being has shown that occupational attainment and its important correlate, income, are not as critical for happiness as many assume them to be Myers, Nonetheless, educational and occupational attainment are associated with greater access to many resources that can improve the quality of life e.
To better interpret the significance of the relations between personality traits and these outcomes, we have provided comparative information concerning the effect of SES and cognitive ability on each of these outcomes.
We chose to use SES as a comparison because it is widely accepted to be one of the most important contributors to a more successful life, including better health and higher occupational attainment e. In this article, we compare the effect sizes of personality traits with these two predictors in order to understand the relative contribution of personality to a long, stable, and successful life.
We also required that the studies in this review make some attempt to control for background variables. For example, in the case of mortality, we looked for prospective longitudinal studies that controlled for previous medical conditions, gender, age, and other relevant variables.
We are not assuming that personality traits are direct causes of the outcomes under study. Rather, we were exclusively interested in whether personality traits predict mortality, divorce, and occupational attainment and in their modal effect sizes. If found to be robust, these patterns of statistical association then invite the question of why and how personality traits might cause these outcomes, and we have provided several examples in each section of potential mechanisms and causal steps involved in the process.
The Measurement of Effect Sizes in Prospective Longitudinal Studies Before turning to the specific findings for personality, SES, and cognitive ability, we must first address the measurement of effect sizes in the studies reviewed here.
Most of the studies that we reviewed used some form of regression analysis for either continuous or categorical outcomes. In studies with continuous outcomes, findings were typically reported as standardized regression weights beta coefficients. In studies of categorical outcomes, the most common effect size indicators are odds ratios, relative risk ratios, or hazard ratios. Because many psychologists may be less familiar with these ratio statistics, a brief discussion of them is in order.
In the context of individual differences, ratio statistics quantify the likelihood of an event e. An odds ratio is the ratio of the odds of the event for one group over the odds of the same event for the second group.
The risk ratio compares the probabilities of the event occurring for the two groups. The hazard ratio assesses the probability of an event occurring for a group over a specific window of time.
For these statistics, a value of 1. Values above 1. Because of this asymmetry, the log of these statistics is often taken. The primary advantage of ratio statistics in general, and the risk ratio in particular, is their ease of interpretation in applied settings. It is easier to understand that death is three times as likely to occur for one group than for another than it is to make sense out of a point-biserial correlation.
However, there are also some disadvantages that should be understood. First, ratio statistics can make effects that are actually very small in absolute magnitude appear to be large when in fact they are very rare events. Second, there is no accepted practice for how to divide continuous predictor variables when computing odds, risk, and hazard ratios.
Some predictors are naturally dichotomous e. Researchers often divide continuous variables into some arbitrary set of categories in order to use the odds, rate, or hazard metrics.
For example, instead of reporting an association between SES and mortality using a point-biserial correlation, a researcher may use proportional hazards models using some arbitrary categorization of SES, such as quartile estimates e.
Researchers with very large samples may have the luxury of carving a continuous variable into very fine-grained categories e. In contrast, researchers with smaller samples may only dichotomize or trichotomize the same variables, thus resulting in smaller hazard ratios and what appear to be smaller effects for identical predictors. Finally, many researchers may not categorize their continuous variables at all, which can result in hazard ratios very close to 1.
These procedures for analyzing odds, rate, and hazard ratios produce a haphazard array of results from which it is almost impossible to discern a meaningful average effect size. He is best known for his research on personality judgment and has also published research on delay of gratification, attribution theory, the longitudinal course of personality development, and the psychological assessment of situations. He has taught personality psychology to undergraduates at Harvey Mudd College, Harvard University, and the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and continues to teach the course every year at the University of California, Riverside.
Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? By incorporating significant coverage of the great theorists of personality psychology throughout, the book helps students understand how the field developed.
And by showcasing the questions driving the research of today, The Personality Puzzle enables students to see the exciting future of the discipline. For the Fifth Edition, every chapter has been updated. The text covers classic theories of personality as well as all the latest findings, including up-to-date coverage of the biological domain, new material on cross-cultural psychology, and expanded treatment of positive psychology.
As always, The Personality Puzzle is a book that students will read, enjoy, and remember, with a writing style that is engaging, distinctive, and humorous.
Read more Read less. Customers who bought this item also bought. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Pieces of the Personality Puzzle: Readings in Theory and Research Fifth Edition. The Art and Science of Personality Development. Dan P. Personality Psychology: An Introduction to the History of Psychology. Sophie's World: Jostein Gaarder. The Personality Puzzle Seventh Edition. Customers who viewed this item also viewed.
The Personality Puzzle Sixth Edition. Domains of Knowledge About Human Nature. About the Author David C. Read more. Product details Hardcover: English ISBN Tell the Publisher! I'd like to read this book on Kindle Don't have a Kindle?
Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Customer images. See all customer images. Read reviews that mention easy to read personality psychology writing style personality puzzle great condition like new pages are falling well written personality psych easy to understand feel like highly recommend great book ordered this book book really fun to read received the book recommend this book reading this book college class. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews.
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Please try again later. Paperback Verified download. This was the perfect book to compliment my leacture-heavy-powerpoint-deprived psych class! My professor straight talked for an hour and fifteen minutes every tuesday and thursday with NO visuals on the board or powerpoints of any kind.
This made it hard to focus and I often found myself browsing facebook, or playing games on my laptop instead of listening.
I know I even spent some time on site during that class just browsing fun and entertaining things I wished I could download. I'm a visual learner so I didn't learn much in that class. This book was a lifesaver. I got all of my necessary information, to pass this class with an A , from this book. It was easy to read, and the included visuals really helped. Always go to class, kids.
Anyways, great book. I would highly recommend it. One person found this helpful. Funder is the leading expert in Psychologists in Personality Psychology.
His has published a large amount of articles and done many experiments in in his field. He is also a professor in Berkeley one of the best graduate schools for psychology.
When writing about the experiments he has done he also describes his experiences doing them; which is fascinating for a person going into the field of research. He not only mentions theories and explains complicated material well, he states his own opinions and brings up questions about many of the concepts that are great fundations for further research, theories and topics. His footnotes can be hilariously funny to read and his "Funder's laws" mentioned in the book are very insightful.
It may be difficult to understand for someone who is new to psychology. It is my favorite psychology book I have read and one of the few I reread. Bought it used as I have done in the past. But definitely something worth mentioning. The book itself is great easy to read well written and has loads of useful information. Kindle Edition Verified download. This textbook is the most interesting I have ever read.
It was one of those ones that I could continue reading even if the material presented in the chapter did not interest me at all and found the topic boring. I like how Dr.
Funder places some of his opinions in and backs up his thoughts with the research on it with a bit of humor added in. It feels like he is actually out to get us to think instead of just throwing out page after page of drivel like most textbooks with the authors getting paid by the word.
Though Dr. Hardcover Verified download. I couldn't imagine a more engaging way to read a textbook about psychology. The chapters are long pages on average but the author isn't boring or rambles on about an uninteresting topic for pages. Chapters are broken down into reasonable sections that make it even easier to read.
Add in that this book is about Personality Psych and co side yourself lucky to have been assigned this textbook. Reading this textbook I wish the class was online.