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Fit a blanking cap to an hydraulic union and a plug to its socket after removal to prevent the ingress of dirt.
Absolute cleanliness must be observed with hydraulic components. Engine cooIant caps and pIugs Extreme care is necessary when removing engine coolant caps and plugs when the engine is hot and especially if it is overheated.
To avoid the possibility of scalding allow the engine to cool before attempting coolant cap or plug removal. CIeaning components Always use the recommended cleaning agent or equivalent.
Do not use degreasing equipment for components containing items which could be damaged by the use of this process. Whenever possible clean components and the area surrounding them before removal. Always observe scrupulous cleanliness when cleaning dismantled components. Do not use a tool which will damage the joint faces and smooth out any scratches or burrs on the joint faces using an oil stone.
Do not allow dirt or jointing material to enter any tapped holes. Prior to reassembly, blow through any pipes, channels or crevices with compressed air. Screw threads Metric threads to lSO standards are used.
Damaged nuts, bolts and screws must always be discarded.
Cleaning up damaged threads with a die or tap impairs the strength and closeness of fit of the threads and is not recommended. Castellated nuts must not be slackened back to accept a split-pin, except in those recommended cases when this forms part of an adjustment.
Do not allow oil or grease to enter blind threaded holes. The hydraulic action on screwing in the bolt or stud could split the housing. Always tighten a nut or bolt to the recommended torque figure. Damaged or corroded threads can affect the torque reading. To check or re-tighten a bolt or screw to a specified torque figure, first slacken a quarter of a turn, then retighten to the correct torque figure.
BoIt identification An lSO metric bolt or screw made of steel and larger than 6 mm in diameter can be identified by either of the symbols lSO M or M embossed or indented on top of the head.
As an alternative, some bolts and screws have the M and strength grade symbol on the flats of the hexagon. Some nuts with a strength grade 4, 5 or 6 are also marked and some have the metric symbol M on the flat opposite the strength grade marking.
A clock face system is used as an alternative method of indicating the strength grade. The external chambers or a face of the nut is marked in a position relative to the appropriate hour mark on a clock face to indicate the strength grade.
A dot is used to locate the 12 o'clock position and a dash to indicate the strength grade. Locking devices Always release locking tabs and fit new locking washers, do not re-use locking tabs.
Always use a backing spanner when slackening or tightening brake and fuel pipe unions. Fitting a spIit pin Always fit new split-pins of the correct size for the hole in the bolt or stud. Do not sIacken back nut to enter spIit-pin. Always fit new roll pins of an interference fit in the hole. Always fit new circlips of the correct size for the groove. Self-locking nuts, i. Nylon patched bolts and screws have a locking agent pre-applied to the threads.
Trilobular i. Powerlok bolts have a special thread form which creates a slight interference in the tapped hole or threads of the nut into which it is screwed. DO NOT re-use self-locking fasteners in critical locations eg engine bearings flywheel.
Always use the correct replacement self-locking nut, bolt or screw. DO NOT fit non self-locking fasteners in applications where a self-locking nut, bolt or screw is specified. EncapsuIated boIts and screws Encapsulated bolts and screws have a micro-encapsulated locking agent pre-applied to the thread.
The locking agent is released and activated by the assembly process and is then chemically cured to provide the locking action. Unless a specific repair procedure states otherwise, encapsulated bolts may be re-used providing the threads are undamaged and the following procedure is adopted. Remove loose adhesive from the bolt and housing threads, ensure threads are clean and free of oil and grease.
Apply an approved adhesive. Fit a new encapsulated bolt, or if not available a bolt of equivalent specification treated with an approved adhesive.
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